Power your Sales Reps with your branded VOIP Dialer Apps

Every sales professional in this world at some point realizes the need of having flexible working hours, option to work from home, spend time behind their qualified leads, etc. so that they can be more effective, productive & draw more revenues for their respective organizations.

And above, more particularly applies to those sales professional that works in different time zones – whether doing a follow-up call or taking lengthy calls from prospective client or be at a conference call with people joining from different parts of the world.

How can you help your Sale Reps so that they continue to remain passionate, proactive and persistent?
Well, one way is to power them with a VoIP Mobile Apps. An app that can be installed on their smartphones/ tablets & allows them to make/receive audio/video calls along with standard call features like call forward, transfer etc.

This is a very basic necessity, but they can do more using below features:

  • Integrating an app with your CRM, Contact Center software to manage leads, contacts
  • Instant Messaging
  • Click to call feature (no dialing required)
  • After the call, update the lead status or submit call disposition status
  • Click to email feature. Provision to use integrate email templates for different lead/call status
  • Ability to manage appointments & integrate with MS Outlook or Google Calendar
  • And much more..

There are several open source SIP/ VoIP applications available today, such as Siphon, LinPhone, Zoiper, cSIPSimple etc. that one can use & customize for their business.

However, we advise to use LinPhone for simple reasons listed below:

  • It’s developed & well supported by France based VoIP organization for many years now.
  • There has been lots of improvements     made by now, making it more stable & reliable
  • Comparatively, it’s easier for developers to work & customize
  • Additionally, it supports multiple desktop platforms (Mac, Windows, Linux) & mobile platforms (iOS, Android, WP)

We, at Ecosmob, hold strong expertise in this space. We have empowered recently few SMBs by building custom SIP Dialers as per their business requirements with their branding.

If you need any suggestions or looking to build one for your business, please feel to email us at sales@ecosmob.com Or call us at +1 (303) 997 3139

Author Bio

Parag-BD-EcosmobParag Shah is working as a Sr. Business Development Manager at Ecosmob handling business development activities for web, mobile and VoIP services and solutions.

Likes : Travelling, Cricket, Following Latest Trends & Technology
Connect with the author via: LinkedIn

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Learn How To Disconnect Net in Nokia 5233 and An Important Life Lesson

How To Disconnect Net in Nokia 5233

How To Disconnect Net in Nokia 5233

Due to the noble cause of AMC of digging the roads, my net cables are cut to death and internet has stopped working for ages 😛 After a long wait of reincarnation of my net, I finally thought to give a try to mobile net. As I just wanted to test how it works, I opted for the lowest available data pack which allowed me to use unlimited net for a day. As I had confirmed with the customer care people, it was suppose to get deactivated once the validity is over.

To my surprise, the net was still on the next day. I checked my balance and it was intact. So I thought it might have validity for 2 days for the first time user. It was a holiday, so as per my nature, I thought to surf some study material from the courses I have opted in. I connected phone with PC and started studying. The net speed had increased remarkably. I thought may be in the morning or noon time it works with better speed and kept on learning. Then a flash of thought struck my mind and I checked my main balance again. My eyes get popped out when I saw almost 180 rs were drained out of my main balance. Without a due, I plugged out my phone from the PC. I disconnected the net from setting, but it connected again in fractions of a second. I disconnected it again and like a kraken, it was appearing again and again and gulping my main balance. I called up in the customer care center so many times to help me disconnecting the net, but they failed just like any other customer care executives 😛

Finally, I decided to recharge data again for a day so at least I can save my remaining main balance and then can find out the way to get rid of this monster eating my main balance 😛 After data recharge, the first thing I did was to find “How to disconnect the net from the Nokia 5233.” So many people were facing the same problem and no proper solution was there so again I used my vital body part, brain which lead me to the solution. So the solution is listed below:

Go to setting → Connectivity → Connection Manager – Remove the active connection
Now, Setting → Connectivity → Destinations → Uncategorized → Remove all the available access points from the list.


You are done. Now even if you want, you can’t use the net until you save the configuration again. 🙂

If we put an analogy of life here, we usually try to push a few things or thoughts out of our mind, which resume back with more intensity and sunk our happiness balance. The solution is, do not push the thought or thing; push the root cause out of your Life and close all possible doors. So it can’t come back in.

Hope you learned something important from this experience and can use it without stumbling like me 🙂

Author Bio

Ash Vyas SEO

Ash Vyas – Internet Marketing Manager

Ash Vyas is working as an Internet Marketing Manager at Ecosmob handling online marketing activities like SEO, SMO, Link-building, content marketing, etc

Likes : Blogging, net surfing, networking, travelling, photography
Connect with the author via:
Twitter | LinkedIn | Google+ | Pinterest

Real-time Integrated Solution- Contact Center Software

Ecosmob Technologies enhances and intensifies caller experience by a product named as Contact Center. As we are aware about ordinary contact center which is operated by a company to administer incoming product support or information inquiries from consumers and outgoing calls for telemarketing type of stuffs. The main purpose to use it in a centralized office for sending & receiving large volumes of requests by telephone.

Call Centers are most likely to use this contact center software. Because most major businesses use call centers to interact with their customers. This product is perfectly fitted to enterprise’s needs with maximum benefits of its users. The software is developed for inbound, outbound and blended call centers. With the help of this software, users can build loyalty and exceed customer expectations.

Contact Center Software

Contact Center Software

The software doesn’t need any external IP phones or soft-phones to use with it so the maintenance will be decreased. The Software is divided in three modules which are admin, Supervisor and Agent. These three are the users which use the software according to their functions. Generally, the admin module contains most important features which handles supervisors and agents’ task. In brief, the admin can set the groups of supervisors and agents and can get the record of working time for each employees. The agent can have the dial-pad on screen with the features like touch pad, hold, add(for conferencing, barging or whispering), hangup, etc. It also enables users to handle, manage, and report on each interaction from every communication medium. Users can generate more sales, provide better service and bigger profits with the help of Contact Center system.

The Contact Center is well designed, excellent GUI based software with numerous features and benefits.

Thus, a comprehensive and consolidate Contact Center can be used by call centers, Education institutions, Medical department, Media, Sales and marketing companies and Private sectors like IT.

Author Bio

Hardi - SEO Trainee

Hardi – SEO Trainee

Hardi Vora is working as an SEO trainee at Ecosmob, learning with lots of enthusiasm and enjoying the world of SEO and Ecosmob.

Likes : Net Surfing, Dancing, Sketching, Travelling, Writing & liste goes on..
Connect with the author via:
Facebook | LinkedIn | Google+

How My Laptop Got A New Lease of Life With SSD drive?

I prayed to god for improving my laptop performance but I know god doesn’t work that way(neither does laptop) so I installed SSD drive. Jokes apart, here I’d like to give brief update about how installing SSD drive given significant boost to my laptop performance.

I am using Dell inspiron 1464 laptop purchased in 2010. I started noticing performance degradation since few months. I usually use Linux which also didn’t give good performance and windows 7 was barely usable. I acknowledged that it is time to get new laptop however I wanted to wait for Intel’s new skylake processors and newest laptops with no moving parts(No spinning hdd/dvd drives or fan). So it was evident that I have to wait for around 2 years for new laptop but at the same time using this one became painful. Booting would take 1-2 mins, often apps like office open in 8-10 seconds, sometimes freezes, to name a few problems I encountered.

Then I started researching about SSD drives and I read that many people got significant performance boost after installing SSD drive. I read somewhere that you should invest on things depending on how much time you spend with them. As I have to spend lot of time on laptop, I thought it’s fine to invest somewhat in this laptop while waiting for next one. After some research, I settled for 128GB Transcend SSD. I think Samsung and Intel are better but this one was cheaper. I wanted to keep the investment minimal because this is for short term. I had 2 choices, replace current HDD in laptop with this one or buy HDD caddy and replace DVD drive with this secondary SSD drive. I selected later option as I might not get enough room on SSD to store all my data. So I also purchased HDD caddy.

Then I removed my DVD drive and installed new SSD with HDD caddy in my laptop which means I no longer have DVD drive but that is fine trade off considering I rarely need to use disks. So I installed Elementary OS operating system which is based on Ubuntu and has pretty responsive speed and neat interface. I came to know that SSD drive lifespan is limited with number of writes so it is not advisable to do lots of writing to SSD. Usually swap partition is required which does frequent writes. So I decided to keep swap partition on HDD. However I had to do tweaks to optimize memory usage reduce swap usage so that I can really get significant performance boost. So I applied below settings in /etc/sysctl.conf
vm.swappiness=10
vm.vfs_cache_pressure=50
vm.dirty_background_ratio=5
vm.dirty_ratio=60

I also moved logs and temporary files to swap(now zRAM) to avoid frequent writes to SSD by tweaking /etc/fstab as below in addition to disabling mounting swap partition.
# SSD tweak : temporary directories as tmpfs
tmpfs /tmp tmpfs defaults,noatime,mode=1777,size=20% 0 0
tmpfs /var/tmp tmpfs defaults,noatime,mode=1777 0 0
tmpfs /var/spool tmpfs defaults,noatime,mode=1777 0 0
# SSD tweak : log directory as tmpfs
tmpfs /var/log tmpfs defaults,noatime,mode=0755 0 0
tmpfs /var/lock tmpfs defaults,noatime,mode=0755 0 0
tmpfs /dev/shm tmpfs defaults,size=20% 0 0

But I noticed that extended use of laptop increased swap usage and it was getting in way of good performance. So I installed zRAM which is linux kernel feature that creates several compressed swap files on RAM itself. Installation is easy, it automatically enables after installation. I disabled usage of swap partition on HDD. So now laptop performance is significantly fast, it boots in less than 10 seconds, apps open in 1-2 seconds max and there’s no more I/o bottlenecks to slow down the system. My 4GB RAM is now enough for holding all applications I use, thanks to zRAM.

Below is summary of my system setup.
Operating system: on SSD
Data: on HDD
Swap: in zRAM
Logs & Temp files: in zRAM

So using SSD drive and zRAM, my laptop got a new lease of life and I can use it for couple of more years without pulling my hair 😀

Author Bio

Ruchir Brahmbhatt

Ruchir Brahmbhatt

Ruchir Brahmbhatt, Director & Co-Founder of Ecosmob Technologies Pvt. Ltd. having expertise in Business Development, Project management, VoIP and Web software development.

Likes : Reading, Science and Technology, Exercise, Adventures
Connect with the author via:
Twitter | Google+

Cosmos Episode 13: Unafraid of the Dark

cosmos-13-unafraid-of-the-dark

Cosmos13- Unafraid of The Dark

This was season finale and very fascinating episode discussing various mysteries of Cosmos and many important messages to live by and move forward. Being season finale and to cover very important message from pale blue dot, this blog has become rather long. In the beginning of episode, Tyson asks us to do a thought experiment. He asks to choose any random star from our milky way galaxy which may be orbited by many planets and one of them might have intelligent civilization. Now what if they thought they know everything and they’re the center of the universe. Would we taken their claim seriously? Its easier to reject such claims this way but our own ancestors believed that the universe was made for them and they’re the center of the universe. The first globe of the earth didn’t even have America in it as it wasn’t discovered yet by Columbus.

Tyson then explained that in 1912 Victor Hayes took radio activity detectors in hot air balloon. He found that in upper atmosphere radiation was more strong compared to ground. People thought radiation was from sun and to test this, Hayes did experiment during solar eclipse. But it had no effect on radiation. It was even stronger in night. That’s how Hayes discovered cosmic rays. In 1933 Fritz Zwicky discovered that some starts glow more for some weeks before fading. That is how he discovered how star dies and named it supernova. On the other hand if dying star shrinks then it would be very heavy and dense consist mainly of subatomic particles neutrons and hence he named it neutron stars. When the stars spin rapidly then we call them pulsars. They didn’t account for major energetic cosmic rays and there’s no scientific explanation. Tyson then explains that it is fine and this is what he loves about science, we don’t have to pretend that we have all the answers.

Tyson explained that Zwicky also found that gravity of galaxies wraps space around then. This causes distortion of light and we would see multiple images of same distant galaxies. Zwicky also found that galaxies were going apart from each other at high speed and there’s not much gravity to hold them together. So Zwicky thought there must be some force keeping them together.

Tyson then explains how planets far from sun orbit slower than those closer to sun due to sun’s gravity. This should be true for stars orbiting galaxy as well but Vera Rubin discovered that they were not following such rule and were orbiting at same speed as inner stars in the galaxy. She looked other galaxies to confirm if it was really true and found all followed same pattern. They all violated the gravity law. Vera discovered that gravity of some invisible mass was forcing stars to move faster. It was dark matter discovered by Zwicky. Vera Rubin given the evidence of much larger universe than we knew. As dark matter can not be seen, we can just see its gravitational effect in stars and galaxies.

Tyson then explains that all galaxies, stars, planets, gas clouds, etc. amount to just 5% of the cosmos and there is even bigger mystery than dark matter, that is dark energy. Yeah it sounds crazier but that’s what it is. Then talking about one more scenario of death of star, Tyson explains how star after burning all fuel and collapsing under its own gravity creating explosion leaving neutron star or black hole.

In 1929 Edwin Hubble discovered that universe is expanding and we learned that it might have began around 14 billion years ago with the big bang. People assumed that expansion will slow down due to gravitational force of dark matter. Then process will be reversed and everything will collapse in big crunch. But two different competing teams concluded that expansion is not slowing down but speeding up. The force behind this continuous expansion is what we call dark energy. Tyson says dark matter and dark energy are our ignorance and again points out that it is better to admit that we don’t know the answer than to accept the wrong answers. Pretending to know everything closes the doors to finding out what’s really there. We have several examples of such scenarios when progress stops when people pretend to know everything and have absolute answers.

Tyson discusses about NASA’s Voyager 1 and 2 space crafts launched in 1977 which have traveled the farthest till now. They gave various details about Jupiter, Jupiter’s moons io and Europa, Saturn’s rings, Saturn’s moon Titan, Neptune, etc. On its journey, Jupiter’s gravity thrown Voyagers out of solar system and they’ve reached much farther and will continue the journey. Carl Sagan created teams to create message to put in spacecraft which other civilization might encounter one day. It was a gold plated record having holograms of hydrogen atom, our location based on nearby pulsars, and also indication of when space crafts were launched. The record contains music, languages, greetings, different sounds, brain waves, and sound of pulsar. It can last for billion years. This way who we are and what we created will still live on in the golden record mounted on Voyager space crafts.

When astronauts took photo of border-less earth from moon, it became icon of new consciousness. Carl Sagan thought of taking this to next level and insisted to take one last picture of earth from Voyager when it crossed Neptune. This was famous picture of pale blue dot. Then his famous speech of pale blue dot is played back. Transcript is available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pale_Blue_Dot#Reflections_by_Sagan and youtube video is at http://youtu.be/wupToqz1e2g.

Then there is quick recap of all animated stories from past episodes covering important people and events. Tyson then explains simple rules which are very important.

  • Question authority. It is not true just because someone said so. Think yourself and question yourself.
  • Don’t believe anything just because you want to. Just believing doesn’t make it so.
  • Test ideas by evidence gained from observation.
  • If favourite idea fails well designed test, its wrong, get over it.
  • Follow the evidence wherever it leads.
  • Most important rule is that you could be wrong. Every great scientists made mistakes.

He explains that science is a way to keep ourselves from fooling us and each other. Pointing indirectly at some of the major issues in our society due to defects in our belief system. He also admitted that we have misused science as well like nuclear bombs. And that’s why more people should know science which will prevent misuse of science by handful people. Tyson asks important question which we often encounter. Learning the age of earth or distance of stars and how life evolves, what difference does it make to our lives? He said it depends on how big universe we want to live in. Some like it small but he likes it big and so do I 🙂 He lives us wondering with good questions like whats in the dark places in cosmos, what happened before big bang, how life began, are there other places in cosmos where there’s life. If we take knowledge of cosmos to heart and love nature, our descendants will remember us as good ancestors.

So this series ends with lots of knowledge, lots of questions and lots of good messages. It is up to us to carry this knowledge forward and use it for betterment of the world. Appreciate the fact that we got chance to learn about the cosmos, free ourselves from wrong baseless beliefs, start loving and preserving nature, always think big and think for everyone. Science has so many good qualities and that is why I love it so much. It is really appreciable that in today’s time when television prime time is dominated by unreal reality shows and non-sense daily soaps, producers took this big risk of creating a science series which was really needed to educate people. I hope they come up with new season with more knowledge of Cosmos.

Image credit goes to cosmosontv.com

Author Bio

Ruchir Brahmbhatt

Ruchir Brahmbhatt

Ruchir Brahmbhatt, Director & Co-Founder of Ecosmob Technologies Pvt. Ltd. having expertise in Business Development, Project management, VoIP and Web software development.

Likes : Reading, Science and Technology, Exercise, Adventures
Connect with the author via:
Twitter | Google+

 

Cosmos Episode 12: The World Set Free

Cosmos episode 12: World Set

Cosmos episode 12: World Set

This episode discusses the effects of climate change, specially green house effect and how to solve it. Episode starts with trip to Venus. Tyson explains how Venus has very harsh environment due to presence of dense sulfur and carbon dioxide in the environment which prevents received heat to go out causing green house effects. There is so much heat that Venera 13 probes sent by soviet union managed to stay for 2 hours and send images before it was fried. He explains how both earth and venus had different destinies due to the way carbon was present in each. On Venus it was mostly in atmosphere as co2. However on earth co2 emited from volcanoes was consumed by single cell algae in ocean and created shells. Then sea floors were pushed up and created massive cliffs which is white cliffs of Dover. They look quite beautiful. Oceans also dissolved CO2 and converted to limestone and hence there was small amount left as gas. He explains how this simple element makes big difference. Without it, earth would be frozen and just twice the amount and it will be very hot. On the other hand on Venus, oceans were long gone and hence no way to capture CO2 from atmosphere and built up CO2 makes atmosphere very heavy and hot.

By checking the ice layers we now know that amount of carbon dioxide is increasing since 20th century and now 40% higher than industrial revolution. So this CO2 is increased in atmosphere heating the earth as a result. He shows terrible image of earth in infrared, it looks quite hot. And I’m sure we all agree that now we feel much more heat than the decade before. He explains how balanced CO2 is important. Without it, earth would be snowball but with more quantity, life can be in danger. Then showing that science is free of any biases, Tyson asks how can we be sure that the increased level of CO2 is due to us only and not due to earth itself and due to volcanic eruptions. So volcanoes emit 500 million tonnes of CO2 per year in atmosphere which looks a lot but yet that’s less than 2% of 30 billion tonnes of CO2 we’re releasing in atmosphere. And the figures are not made up, the amount tallies with the amount of burned coal, oil and gas. Hence we can confirm that we’re the source of this problem. Then giving nice comparison of amount of 30 billion CO2, it looks like white cliffs of dover when compressed and that much we release every year. Show visually shown the impact as the cliff keeps pushing up and looks quite large and scary.

Cosmos then shows visual indication of how the world will look like if we can see CO2 and in that case we may not deny the effects and might take urgent steps to fix it. Tyson explains that we are maintaining average temperatures of all countries and by analyzing the data we know that the current temperatures are higher than 19th century. Tyson then explained how many scientists at different times confirmed the increasing amount of CO2 and temperature in our atmosphere. Yet we haven’t taken any major steps to correct this issue. Tyson warns that if we continue this way, our children will face many problems like rising sea levels, droughts, heat waves, etc. and can possibly cause mass extinction of our civilization. He then explains the difference between climate and weather. Weather is short term effect while climate is long term average of weather. Weather is difficult to predict but climate is predictable. He explains how increasing CO2 is absorbed in ocean and causing ice melting. How it is harmful is ice reflects sunlight while water absorbs it. So increase in ocean causing more of sunlight to be absorbed and further melting of ice and increase in sea levels. Again raising question whether really we’re the source of problem or its the earth itself and the sun. But solar energy output is not changed since decades and earth is warming more in night than day and more in winter than in summer. So it is confirmed again that we are changing the climate.

In 1878 Augustha Mushow demonstrated the use of solar energy. Its surprising that still we’re not efficiently using it after so long time. That time coal price was so cheap and no one understood the adverse effects of burning fossil fuel. Hence Mushow’s research funding was cut off. In 1913 in Egypt, Frank Shuman created solar powered irrigation system and demonstrated how he can generate the energy whole world uses just from the solar power plants deployed in Sahara desert. But petroleum market was flourishing that time due to convenience to get it compared to coal. Then world war 1 began and his solar collectors were to be recycled into weapons. This pushed solar powered civilization dram of Frank another century! I hope we understand how dangerous wars are for civilizations, they have much more long term effects.

Tyson then explains another clean energy is wind as they’re also driven by sun. Tyson said that more solar energy falls on earth in one hour than our civilization consumes in entire year! So if we use small amount of solar and wind energy, we can solve energy problem forever without causing CO2.

Ironically it was rivalry between USA and soviet union for arms that encouraged the Apollo mission. As it requires the power of such rockets to hit the nuclear weapon on the other side of the world. Apollo mission didn’t have any scientific goals but to demonstrate the power of the missiles. Yet when astronauts could see that how small the earth is in cosmos and how there are no visible borders made us recognize our community.

Tyson then explains another way we’re harnessing solar energy which we never think of. It is agriculture. Due to agriculture, we could settle instead of wandering on the earth as per climate changes. Tyson then taking us back to Venus explains even if there was life on Venus, it wouldn’t be possible for it to survive due to harsh green house effects there. However our situation is not so bad and we can still control and prevent it. The episode shown visual indication of how world will look like if we take active steps to control and reverse the climate change. Ice will increase in north pole, Africa would be greener as deserts will be converted to green lands. Zooming in the earth they shown how buildings can have gardens and farming. It looked quite green, clean and freshening.

So is it really possible? Yes. Will it be done? We don’t know for sure. It all depends on us, which steps we take, if and how we chose to take solid actions to protect our earth. I personally think that companies supplying fossil fuel are making huge profits and doing much spending also. They should now focus their resources and energy on building renewable and clean energy source equipment like solar cells and windmills. They don’t necessarily have to compromise their business for this revolution, they just need to change the thinking, they can still make big profits and yet do good for the civilization. Well these are some of the big changes but I would recommend that at least we try to do our part by reducing our carbon footprints. We can stop wasting energy by turning off electronic equipment when not in use, switch off vehicles while waiting on signals and do many other small steps in our day to day life.

Image credit goes to cosmosontv.com

Author Bio

Ruchir Brahmbhatt

Ruchir Brahmbhatt

Ruchir Brahmbhatt, Director & Co-Founder of Ecosmob Technologies Pvt. Ltd. having expertise in Business Development, Project management, VoIP and Web software development.

Likes : Reading, Science and Technology, Exercise, Adventures
Connect with the author via:
Twitter | Google+

Cosmos Episode 11: The Immortals

COSMOS 11 - The Immortals

COSMOS 11 – The Immortals

This episode is about immortality. No not that kind of immortality what you’re thinking about. It is about how people can live past their life through writing and other means. Tyson explained that our ancestors used to measure time by moon and stars but 5000 years ago people in Iraq(Then Uruk) started measuring in hours and minutes. Writing was started there. Akkadian princess Enheduanna wrote poetry and also signed her name. She was the first person whom we can identify from writing. This was also the place where first heroic tale of Gilgamesh was written. As per the tale, Gilgamesh was very strong and powerful. He left home in search of immortality. On his journey he met a wise man named Utnapishtim. Utnapishtim told him the story of great flood which destroyed the world and how one of the gods instructed him to build and ark to save his family and animals. Sounds familiar? Yes and it was 1000 years before the story of Noah was retold. Tyson explains that’s how immortality is achieved as story passes from one civilization to another across thousands of years.

Then Tyson explains how DNA in our body carries the message of life in simple language which all life on earth can read. It is made up of 4 simple alphabets in which each letter is a molecule. He explained that this is nature’s message edited by evolution over the billion years but we don’t know for sure where did the message come from. He then explains that perhaps carbon rich molecules in shallow water started using energy to make copies of themselves. And that’s how evolution and life started. Another possibility is that life may have started in volcanoes under deep sea. Life could have come from another world as well. They shown how Egyptian village Nakhla was shattered by meteorite. NASA had launched 2 space crafts on Mars in 1976. Scientists could analyze the data and find out that the Nakhla meteorite could have came from Mars. Tyson explained how asteroid hit Mars and the debris went back to space and that’s how it made it to Nakhla village. He explains that such meteorites can transport seeds of life across planets. Some microbes can survive even in space in harsh environments like temperatures and radiation still alive when brought back to earth.

As earth is 4.5 billion years old and for first half of that time large asteroids were hitting the earth time to time. Each collision makes a big impact on planet. The life on earth would perish but in such big collisions some of the microbial life will travel to space along with boulders launching in space. Once earth is cooled down and oceans are normal, the rocks orbiting sun will hit earth again which will reseed the life again on earth. So life doesn’t have to start from scratch after each catastrophe and can pickup where it left. He explained that in younger solar system earth, Mars and Venus were exchanging rocks with each other.

Now can life also travel between stars? Stars are much farther than planets so it is not easy for microbial life to survive such long distance and time. But stars orbit the galaxy and carry comets with them. Some of them collide with gas and dust clouds present in space and spread the life across different stars. Now if that happens is it possible that we’re not alone and there are others like us in other planets or galaxies. In that case how they can communicate to us and how do we announce our presence. In 1946, American engineers bounced radio waves to moon and detected back. It was first interstellar message sent by us. Radio waves reach moon within a second but they expand and the parts which don’t hit moon travel further in space. After this experiment, television stations, radios started and at the speed of light all the messages are travelling in the space since then. He explained that our ancestors used stone tablets to convey their stories to us and we do it through radio waves. So if any distant world has radio telescopes they can know that we’re here. Similarly other civilization could be sending signals also so we’ve been listening for such signals but we haven’t found anything yet. Possibly civilizations more advanced then us might have moved to other mode of communication which we haven’t discovered yet. Another limitations is that civilizations may live only so long before perishing due to natural causes or violence. So life expectancy of civilization is important factor in knowing whether we’ll be able to contact any aliens.

Tyson explained it was just 1000 years before writing was started in Mesopotamia and now the civilization doesn’t exist due to continuous warfare. Another problem was that technical limitations as they couldn’t understand that when water evaporated in farms, it left salt behind. Accumulated salt killed crops. Then there was drought. Invasion from barbarians. And as it was usual in those times, they concluded that their supreme god was angry because one of his temples was destroyed. But they didn’t know that same drought was affecting others as well in Egypt, India, China, Pakistan, etc. They couldn’t identify that they were just experiencing abrupt climate change. In few thousand years another such abrupt climate change wiped out Mayan civilization in central America. Then Tyson explains the ways the civilization could die. One possibility of supernova near our solar system which can destroy atmosphere and in turn life on earth. Luckily stars are not close and not likely to go supernova in next few million years. Second possibility is super volcano which could eject rocks, toxic gas in atmosphere which can kill life on earth. He then explained that currently our technology allows us to detect asteroids and prevent them by sending space craft to deflect it. He said with technology in thousand years we might be able to mitigate risk from nearby supernova. He then explains another possibility of threat to civilizations. European invaders of America carrying bacteria and viruses which original Americans were never exposed to killed most of original Americans. Europeans though their weapons and culture helped them win but actually it was the army of pathogens which killed most of the red Indians. Next possibility is self-destructing civilization. Showing how we destroy ourselves through pollution and other harmful changes to atmosphere for profits and short term gains.

Now we understand more and know that we are doing harm to atmosphere at greater rate yet deny it. So despite knowing the adverse effect, we do very little to prevent them. If we think we’re more intelligent than other species then we must use it to make sure our offspring prosper and can survive for long time. Bringing us back to cosmic calendar, Tyson asks what would next 14 billion years will look like. Our current science allows us to predict some astronomical events like death of the sun(sorry sun worshippers, that’s the truth, get over it). But if we use our intelligence properly, we can escape our solar system and continue to survive. He then talks about hopeful future that we take the vision of pale blue dot to heart and learn to share this world with each other. Last internal combustion engine is placed in museum and effects of climate change are reversed. People will stop dying from poverty. We might be evolved and migrate to other worlds. It will be species with more of our strengths and lesser weaknesses. So will we survive for long time or just destroy ourselves like old civilizations did? That’s the question only future can answer. We can just hope that we finally learn from our mistakes and start thinking long term.

Image credit goes to cosmosontv.com

Author Bio

Ruchir Brahmbhatt

Ruchir Brahmbhatt

Ruchir Brahmbhatt, Director & Co-Founder of Ecosmob Technologies Pvt. Ltd. having expertise in Business Development, Project management, VoIP and Web software development.

Likes : Reading, Science and Technology, Exercise, Adventures
Connect with the author via:
Twitter | Google+

Cosmos Episode 10: The Electric Boy

Cosmos 10 - The Electric Boy

Cosmos 10 – The Electric Boy

This episode of Cosmos was dedicated to Michael Faraday. Michael Faraday was born in poor family. He didn’t have formal education. After dropping from school, he used to work at book bindery where at day he used to bind the books and at night he read those books thats where he got interested in electricity. His life took a new turn when a customer gave him a ticket to Humphry Davy’s show. There he took notes and wrote them in a book with details and sent to Humphry Davy. Humphry Davy got temporarily blinded during one experiment and hired Faraday as his assistant.

Davy was doing an experiment with electricity and magnetism and couldn’t figure out the way to continue momentum after which he asked Faraday making fun if he can make it working. Faraday was very excited and started working on experiment and finally built a first motor converting electricity to motion. Michael Faraday was considered Humphry Davy’s greatest achievement. But Davy felt insecure and tasked Faraday to work on improving quality of British optical glass. He didn’t have any interest in that and didn’t get any successful results. Finally he gave up but kept one of the sample glass as souvenir of his failure.

After Davy’s death, Faraday became the director of the laboratory. He started the annual science Christmas lectures which are continuing till date. He then also experimented and created generator so electricity can be available on demand. But then suddenly he started having problems with memory. He used to forget the things. It can be very dangerous for a scientist specially of his caliber. After discovering magnetic field, he wondered if electric and magnetic forces are also connected with light. He started working on experiment to measure this. He tried to test if single ray of polarized light can be manipulated by magnetic field. He tried passing light through air and many different materials but didn’t get any success. Then suddenly he tried that glass brick he kept as souvenir and that twisted the light. This discovery opened the doors for Einstein and many other scientists. He continued different experiments and proved earth’s magnetic field. Tyson explained how earth’s magnetic field protects us from harmful cosmic rays and also generates the beautiful auroras. Faraday also found that sun can control the movements of planets with its gravitational field. However other scientists didn’t took this seriously. His lack of format education now proved to be limitation as he couldn’t mathematically prove the forces. Then James Clerk Maxwell came to rescue. He read all Faraday’s work and sent him book with all mathematical formulas. The equations helped laying foundation for radio waves through which we are now able to send information anywhere at the speed of light.

Just imagine, all machinery, equipments and instruments we use today which requires motion were possible due to that experiment. All communication we have today is possible with radio waves. And it was all possible due to poor man who didn’t even have a formal education. He had no personal interest in patenting his ideas. All he did was selfless service to humanity. Faraday fought poverty, egoistic boss, memory problems, lack of education and many others and yet made such a great discoveries. This really gives good inspiration to us. Cosmos does a real good job at bringing such heroes to people’s attention. Nowadays we do acknowledge and celebrate successful businessmen who were college/school dropouts and made fortune and revolutionary innovations but we do forget such geniuses who made it possible for next generations to succeed. I think we should make movies on life of such scientists also.

Image credit goes to globaltv.com

Author Bio

Ruchir Brahmbhatt

Ruchir Brahmbhatt

Ruchir BrahmbhattDirector & Co-Founder of Ecosmob Technologies Pvt. Ltd. having expertise in Business Development, Project management, VoIP and Web software development.

Likes : Reading, Science and Technology, Exercise, Adventures
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Cosmos Episode 9: The Lost Worlds of Planet Earth

Cosmos9 - Lost Worlds of Earth

Cosmos9 – Lost Worlds of Earth

This episode of Cosmos was dedicated to earth’s history. There was so much information that despite omitting some minute details, this became a quite big blog. The episode starts with showing younger earth, when it was 4 billion years old. Tyson explained that time there were no birds or flowers and even dinosaurs where not there yet. However that time there was so much oxygen in the atmosphere. This allowed insects to get much bigger as they can absorb more oxygen from their body because they don’t have lungs. Large size dragonflies, scorpions and other insects were shown to give us idea of their size that time.

Talking about how there was so much oxygen in the atmosphere, Tyson explained how trees evolved from plants to compete for sunlight. This was possible with lignin which made it possible for trees to grow higher with its strength and helped them to survive winds due to flexibility. But the problem was fungi and bacteria couldn’t digest lignin. So trees used to grow up, die and buried under mud.

Then Tyson takes us to Nova Scotia showing a cliff which can be considered as calendar. There he shows how we can see fossils of trees. Minerals replaced original wood cell by cell. During lifetime trees release oxygen in atmosphere using carbon dioxide and sunlight but when they die, they decay and process is reversed which balances the environment. Now that the trees get buried, they don’t release carbon dioxide back to atmosphere and oxygen keeps increasing. Talking of cliff in Nova Scotia, we can see all layers representing floods.

Tyson then takes us back to halls of extinction to show how the Permian world had mass extinction. He explained how volcanic eruption in Siberia released carbon dioxide back in atmosphere and also backed the coal which was created from buried trees. This released methane and sulfur rich gases in atmosphere. Coal smoke made the atmosphere worse, sulfuric acid haze blocked sunlight which reduced global temperature. This was a global warming of that time. Due to the effects most life on earth was destroyed. But bacteria flourished in such environment which produced deadly hydrogen sulfide gas which killed all remaining plants and life on land.

Then host explains that we are here due to one of the few species on earth who survived during Permian extinction. Then taking us to Guadalupe mountain chain where there was reef in past. It had many sponges, algaes and other animals who get buried when dead and were converted to oil and gas over millions of years.

Tyson then takes us back to 220 million years ago when North Africa and new England were close, Atlantic ocean didn’t exist and the earth was about to experience big shake up. In our time we got completely disconnected from earth history, he compared us to amnesiacs who were trying to figure out who we are and what happened before we woke up. In 1570, first modern world atlas was created by Abraham Ortelius. He thought that the continents connect like puzzle pieces and were likely drifted apart from. Then Alfred Wegener studied in detail and found that similar fossils were found on both sides of Atlantic. Early geologists used to believe that there used to be land bridges between continents which allowed life to travel among them. But Wegener thought why would mountain range grow cross the ocean and why same kind of rocks found in Brazil and South Africa and how tropical plants can flourish in Arctic. Wegner concluded that there was only one super-continent before which he named Pangaea. This hypothesis of continental drift was ridiculed by most geologists. Then after years Marie Tharp found that there’s giant rift valley runs through Atlantic. Her claims were initially rejected but after years when epicenters of earth quacks near drift valley were mapped it was proved that it was indeed continental drifts which separated the continents. They also created the true map of earth including ocean floor.

Then Tyson takes ship of imagination deep below the sea showing the mountains or Atlantic mid-ocean ridge. Here also life can be found despite being very hostile environment due to immense pressure. He shows beautiful creatures which light up due to bio luminescence. Here in absence of sunlight there are no trees so here microorganisms feed on hydrogen sulfide down there coming out of volcanoes. Small creatures eat bacteria and larger animals eat smaller making life possible even in such environments. Tyson warns that these mountains can also get above the water due to tectonic forces.

Tyson then shows earth’s cross-section showing core made of hot iron covering which is liquid iron wrapped by mantle. Mantle keeps churning due to heat left over from earth’s formation and decay of radioactive elements. Comparing earth to apple, Tyson points out that the outer layer we live on is only as thick as skin on an apple. Mantle drags crust above and due to that earth quacks happen. Tyson takes aim at superstitious people mentioning the reason for quacks is not due to someone’s misbehavior 🙂 I’m sure you might have read in news how some people ridiculously relate earth quacks to clothes women wear or kind of activities people do 🙂 Quacks are just due to random forces governed by laws of nature.

Tyson then explains wherever on earth, lost worlds are buried beneath. He also explained how Triassic extinction given chance to other group of species to flourish while killing the dominant species. He shown how asteroid killed the dinosaurs but small creatures who took shelter in earth survived. Earth then became planet of mammals. The earth didn’t stop changing though. And these were the changes due to which Mediterranean sea was created from deadly desert.

Then he explained how green forests in Africa became sparser landscape making species highly specialized on life on trees extinct. However some species evolved. He explained how our ancestors came out from earth and started living on trees when dinosaurs were no longer there. They evolved to live in such environment. But when weather became colder and drier, trees reduced, our ancestors were forced to move in search of food. So not only they started walking upright but also using hands they could pick food and use weapons and tools. How a change in earth forced this evolution is amazing.

Tyson then explains planets influence our lives. Before we start thinking seriously? Is he going to start talking about astrology or what, he clarifies that its the gravitational pull he’s talking about 🙂 He explained gravitational pulls of Venus and Jupiter tilted the earth’s axis and tweak the orbit also. Due to these changes there were causing Ice Ages. Then about 10000 years ago these changes slowed down and this is the age we’re living in. Rivers created the fertile planes where we learned agriculture and feed ourselves. This allowed us to settle instead of constant wandering. This period is expected to last another 50000 years which gives a good amount of time to our civilization.

Tyson then warns us how we’re burning trees, coal, oil and gas dumping carbon dioxide in atmosphere at greatest rate. He pointed out how we’ve been using this fossil fuel which is actually very harmful to us and can cause another mass extinction whereas sun has been has been giving away free energy to us all the time. He then said his signature line which he says in different speeches that “Dinosaurs never saw that asteroid coming, what is our excuse?”

Taking us back to halls of extinction, he shows unnamed and empty corridor there. He pointed out that possibly end of our story lies in this corridor and we’ll be as well extinct one day. Towards the end he gives a very good message explaining how our ancestors survived most difficult situations to pass on the message of life to us. Past was another planet and future will also be another planet. He pointed out that many geologists think that the continents will be united once again in 250 million years. Finally he says that what happens in that unmarked corridor within halls of extinction is being written by us right now. So we must be very careful and responsible for our actions.
Image credit goes to cosmosontv.com

Author Bio

Ruchir Brahmbhatt

Ruchir Brahmbhatt

Ruchir BrahmbhattDirector & Co-Founder of Ecosmob Technologies Pvt. Ltd. having expertise in Business Development, Project management, VoIP and Web software development.

Likes : Reading, Science and Technology, Exercise, Adventures
Connect with the author via:
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Cosmos Episode 8: Sisters of the Sun

Cosmos8 - Sisters of the Sun

Cosmos8 – Sisters of the Sun

This episode of Cosmos was dedicated to contribution of women in astronomy. The episode started with a story from ancient Greek traditions. 7 Pleiades sisters were chased by Orion. They ran away, get on a stone and prays it to save them. It erects up in the sky and the sisters are transformed in the 7 stars. Another story goes that the sisters prayed to god Zeus who transformed them to stars to save them and Orion is also seen near Pleiades star cluster. Everything is possible in mythology 🙂

Episode then moves to back reality and talks about the contribution of Henrietta Leavitt, Annie Cannon, Antonia Maury and Cecilia Payne in astronomy. Those days women were given the job of computers or calculators to do the calculations and accept less pay then men. Annie Cannon contributed to spectral classification of stars. Henrietta Leavitt studied the Cepheids variable stars and discovered the relationship between luminosity and changing brightness which then allowed astronomers to calculate the age of the universe. Antonia Maury observed light and wavelength and used it to determine the composition of the stars. Cecelia Payne then joins the team and used their spectrographic study in her thesis to reveal chemical makeup of stars. Her thesis was first ridiculed by Edward Pickering and she was also not that confident in that male dominated society. But then her research was accepted and her book “Stellar Atmospheres” is now considered best Ph.D. thesis in astronomy.

So using all this knowledge it was possible to know the composition of stars as well as understand their life cycle. Tyson then explains life cycles of stars how they are formed in gas clusters, how nuclear fusion in stars keeps them alive and how they eventually become red giants and explode with supernova or hypernova and end up as white dwarf or black hole.

Image credit goes to cosmosontv.com

Author Bio

Ruchir Brahmbhatt

Ruchir Brahmbhatt

Ruchir BrahmbhattDirector & Co-Founder of Ecosmob Technologies Pvt. Ltd. having expertise in Business Development, Project management, VoIP and Web software development.

Likes : Reading, Science and Technology, Exercise, Adventures
Connect with the author via:
Twitter |  Google+

 

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